What is Anxiety?

What is Anxiety?

Occasional feelings of anxiety that are caused by stressful situations like work issues, preparing for an examination or financial problems, are generally considered normal. However, when a person experiences overwhelming anxiety on a regular basis and it interferes with their daily lives, a diagnosis of a medical disorder is usually made.

These disorders can significantly alter emotions, behaviour and lead to unpleasant physical symptoms. The symptoms can disrupt important aspects in an anxiety sufferer's life such as interpersonal relationships, work performance and general well-being. An estimated 31.1% of adults are affected by an anxiety disorder at some stage in their lives yet despite the high prevalence rate, only about 37% of patients receive effective treatment.

While chronic anxiety conditions can reduce a person's quality of life, the upside is that anxiety is highly treatable. Oftentimes, patients with anxiety are treated with benzodiazepines. In fact, studies suggest that in the United States, 55 to 94% of patients with an anxiety disorder are treated with benzodiazepines. European studies as well as those conducted in the UK have revealed similar high rates of benzodiazepine use.

What are the Symptoms?

While the symptoms of anxiety tend to differ from one person to another, the body usually responds in a certain way to stress. There are five main types of anxiety conditions, which include the following along with their associated symptoms:

Psychiatric disorder Symptoms
Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) - a long-lasting disorder characterised by excessive worry and anxiety about various aspects in life, GAD affects nearly 6% of people at some stage in their lives.
  • Feeling on edge or nervous
  • Increased heart rate
  • A sense of imminent danger or panic
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Ongoing sleeping difficulties
Panic disorder - this condition involves recurring panic attacks, which are abrupt episodes of intense fear, usually reaching a peak after about 10 minutes.
  • Heart palpitations or a pounding heart
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling dizzy or light-headed
  • Shaking or trembling
  • Fear of losing control
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) - a condition characterised by intense fear and anxiety in social settings, SAD is estimated to affect more than 12% of adults at some point in their lives.
  • Fear of being noticeably nervous in front of other people
  • Anticipatory anxiety about performance situations
  • Avoiding interpersonal interactions
  • Fear of eating in a public place
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) - this disorder involves obsessions which are unwanted thoughts, images or urges that cause distress and compulsions which are behaviours that help ease obsessions and relieve anxiety. Patients with OCD may have symptoms relating to obsessions, compulsions, or both.
  • Fear of germs or contamination
  • Unwanted taboo thoughts that are considered socially unacceptable
  • Arranging things in perfect order
  • Excessive cleaning
  • An urge to check things repeatedly to ensure that things like the oven is off or the doors are locked
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - a condition that develops in some people who have experienced a traumatic event, PTSD affects about 7 to 8% of adults.
  • Flashbacks or nightmares of the trauma
  • Avoiding emotions, places, people or activities that are related to the trauma
  • Concentration and sleeping problems
What Causes Anxiety?

What Causes Anxiety?

Although the specific cause of anxiety is still under study, it is likely to be the result of a combination of various factors. Research suggests that the following aspects may contribute to the development of an anxiety lined disorders:

  • An imbalance of chemicals in the brain, which are associated with regulation of mood and perception.
  • People who are subjected to high levels of unresolved stress on a continuous basis are more like to develop an anxiety condition.
  • Overactivity in parts of the brain that influence emotions and behaviour can increase the likelihood of anxiety.
  • Inherited genes usually increase the risk of an individual having an anxiety disorder, especially if a parent has anxiety.
  • A history of traumatic experiences such as violence, trauma or abuse.
  • A chronic physical health issue like heart disease, diabetes or a respiratory condition such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

How to Deal with Anxiety?

If you have been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, there are two primary treatments available, which include medication and psychotherapy. Many times, a patient will benefit from a combination of both treatments.

  • Medication - benzodiazepines are typically highly effective in relieving severe anxiety, which is causing a person a considerable amount of distress. These medications have a similar effect on the body; however, they vary slightly in terms of intensity and duration of effect.

    Popular benzodiazepines that can be purchased online include Xanax pills (alprazolam), Valium (diazepam tablets), Klonopin (clonazepam), and Ativan (lorazepam). Clinical research has found these medications are safe and effective in the treatment of various anxiety conditions. These medications help manage the symptoms of anxiety which can be highly beneficial in a patient's treatment process.
  • Psychotherapy - cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is often used to treat patients with excessive, long-term anxiety conditions and many people find that medication like benzodiazepines allow them to participate better in CBT. A psychotherapist will generally help a patient identify aspects, which are causing their anxiety so they can strive towards overcoming their condition.

    CBT can help patients as it involves exposure therapy so individuals can learn to manage feared situations and build their confidence. Patients will, however, need to commit themselves to the process and attend regular CBT sessions.

How does Anxiety Medication Work?

Anxiety medication works by enhancing the effect of a chemical in the brain known as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). When a person becomes nervous or anxious, nerve cells in the central nervous system become overactive. GABA regulates communication between these cells and inhibits the activity of overactive cells. GABA basically slows down brain functions and this produces the following effects:

  • Relief from anxiety
  • Reduced levels of stress
  • Improved sleep

When there is a limited amount of GABA in the brain, a person is more likely to have an anxiety disorder. They will typically experience a variety of physical and emotional symptoms like restlessness, nervousness and sleeping difficulties. By enhancing GABA, this medication helps improve cognition, associated behaviour and how the body reacts to stress. This helps facilitate the calming effect that counteracts the negative symptoms associated with a distressful time.

For more information on how to buy anti-anxiety medication, the customer service team at https://www.sleepingpillsuk.net/ is available to help 24-hours.

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Updated: 27th January 2021
Review Due: January 2022

Steve

ABOUT STEVE

Fueled with a passion to try and help people less fortunate than himself Steve immersed himself in the medical industry. By researching new and innovative medical advancements and regularly sharing important information on social media Steve intends to make a difference where it matters most, people's health. His wealth of knowledge and keen eye for detail will help keep our readers informed and contribute towards improved health.

Patsy Phelan – Feb 26, 2021
Dear Steve, Your article on anxiety has been most informative and I wanted to commend you on it. Having a greater understanding of the condition has undoubtedly made it easier for me to manage it and I cannot thank you highly enough. Patsy

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